By Hon. Justice P K Shamsuddin on 17-06-2011
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR – 10th December 1948),
which is a declaration adopted by the United
Nations General Assembly, arose directly from the bitter experiences of the Second
World War and
is considered as the first global expression of rights to which all human
beings are inherently entitled to. Article 5 of UDHR warns against all sorts of torture, inhuman
behaviours and unjustifiable punishments served to human beings at any
circumstances. The religion of Islam is
not only against cruelty to humans but also to all forms of life on earth.
According to C G (Christopher Gregory) Weeramantry (former
Judge of the International Court of Justice – ICJ), Quran has repeatedly condemned all sorts of assaults
and cruelties and insists on righteousness at every levels. This fact is mentioned
299 times in Quran. Prophet Mohammed himself has said that eye for an eye style
of approach is wrong. He recommended over all self-control and calming inner
peace at challenging situations. He clearly said that all good deeds others render
unto you should be replied in the same measure. He also asked never to revenge
those who do wrong to you. It was the language of forgiveness and
reconciliation that he wanted Muslims to follow.
According to 21st chapter of Quran
(107), God says to Mohammed that he is sent as an ambassador of mercy only.
When Mohammed asked his followers to help others either they are friends or foes,
his followers asked him how they can do that. He asked them to prevent such
people from doing more harm to others. Mohammed shared the stories of two Israelite
women: one of them was rewarded heaven for serving water to a thirsty dog,
which could not reach the water in the pond. Another woman was sent to eternal
hell for just starving a cat to death.
About The Author
Hon. Justice P K Shamsuddin (High Court of Kerala) is a great Gandhian and a noted humanitarian, who could successfully steer World Fellowship of Inter-religious Councils. His relentless efforts for inter religious harmony was awarded by HH Pope John Paul 2nd and Parliament of World Religions.